Safe Operating Procedures (SOP)

What is A Safe Operating Procedure (SOP)?

A Safe Operating Procedures (SOP) or Safe Work Procedures (SWP) sometimes also known as a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) should be developed and used to instruct people on how operate machinery or equipment safely. They are operational documents created to describe the safest and most efficient way to perform a certain task, carry out an operation or operate a machine/tool.

Safe operating procedures briefly document the risks associated with a work task and list the appropriate risk control measures into a sequence of steps for doing the task safely.

Why do you need safe operating/work procedures?

Safe Operating or work procedures make workers aware of risks in their work tasks and tell them how to avoid injury or illness while doing those tasks.

They provide information necessary to guide employees to perform tasks safely and reliably. Safe Operating Procedures also assist in the training and orientation/ induction of new employees and contractors in the hazards of the specific process or activity.


  • Help prevent accidents and injuries by providing clear instructions on how to perform tasks safely.
  • Standardize processes, ensuring tasks are performed the same way every time, which improves quality and efficiency.
  • Serve as valuable training tools for new employees, helping them understand the correct and safe way to perform their duties.
  • Ensure adherence to legal and regulatory requirements, avoiding fines and legal issues.
  • They streamline operations, reducing misunderstandings and errors, leading to more efficient work processes.

What should be included in a SOP?

It should identify the PPE required, pre-operational safety checks, Operational safety procedures, housekeeping and outline potential hazards and forbidden activities.

SOPs should be detailed enough for someone with limited experience or knowledge, but a basic understanding, to safely perform the procedure unsupervised. They should be concise, logical, and presented in an easy-to-read, step-by-step format.

When using machinery, make sure you know how to operate it safely. If you have not been trained or instructed in how machinery operates do not use it.

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SOPs included in v4.5:

1Portable Electric Drill
2Drill Press
3Fixed Air Compressor
4Portable Air Compressor
5Oxy . Acetylene Equipment
6Bench Grinder
7Fork Lift
8Electric Welder
9Electric Mig or Tig Welder
11Universal Cropper and press
12Portable Grinder
13Abrasive Cut Off Saw
14Radial Arm Drill
15Lock out/ Tag out – Isolation
16Metal Cutting Guillotine
17Horizontal Bending Machine
18Pipe Bender
20Plasma Cutter
21Spray Painting Equipment
22Cold Saw
23Overhead (Gantry) Crane
24Compound Mitre Saw
25Circular Saw
26Quick Cut Saw
27Rotary Hammer Drill
28Reciprocating Saw
29Power Blower . Petrol Operated
30Pressure Cleaner
31Acrow Prop
32Vehicle Hoist
33TTX Hydraulic Torque Wrench
34Hydraulic Pump – HYFLOW 230-2
35HYFLOW Air Pump
36TTL Hydraulic Torque Wrench
37TTZ Hydraulic Torque Wrench
38TTP pneumatic single speed torque gun
39TTP pneumatic Dual speed torque gun
41PANEL SAW (table saw)
42Backpack Vacuum Cleaning
43Angle Grinder (cordless)
44Belt – Disc Sander (wood combination)
45Buffing Machine
46Blow Moulder
47Chainsaw – Petrol/ Gasoline Powered
48Street Sweeper
SOP RevDescription
0480Street Sweeper
0490BS KGRP-9 900mm Griddle with Stand
0500Pan Gas Fryer
0510Burner Cook Top with Stand
0520Basket Pasta Cooker
0530Pan Chip Fryer – Gas
0540Warewashing Machine
0550Sandwich Press
0560Kebab Machine
0570Kebab Meat Slicer
0580Cake Display Fridge
0591Working in a commercial kitchen
0600Bandsaw – Wood cutting
0610CNC Machine
0620Excavator Operation
0640Tipper/ Dump Truck operation
0650Excavator Auger Attachment
0660Excavator Rock breaker Operation
0670Front End Loader Operation
0680Grader Operation
0690Road roller (roller-compactor) Operation
0700Skid Steer Operation
0710Soil Compactor Operations Cat 815 816 and 825 models
0720Tracked Loader Operation
0730Tracked Loader/Skid Steer Profiler Attachment Operation
0740Tracked Loader/Skid Steer Broom Attachment Operation
0750Water Truck Operation
0760Backhoe Operation
0770Dozer Operation
0780Scraper Operation
0790Flocon (Asphalt) Truck Operation
0800Road Profiler Operation
0810Road Stabiliser Operation
0820Asphalt Paver Operation
0830Jet Patcher Operation
0840Concrete Boom Pump (Mobile) Operation
0850DPU Compactor Operation
0860Vibration Plate Operation
0870Portable Generator Operation
0880Furphy (Water Tank with Petrol Pump Trailer)
0890Leg Rammer compactor Operation
0900Impact Driver (Battery Powered) Operation
0910Diesel walk-behind floor saw Operation
0920Quick fill water Pump Operation
0930Petrol Transfer Pump Operation
0940Electric Jackhammer Operation
0950Portable Traffic light (diesel-powered ) Operation
0960Concrete Vibrator (Petrol-powered) Operation
0970Post Hole Digger hand held (Petrol-powered) Operation
0980Pressure Washer (Petrol-powered) Operation
0990Concrete Mixer (Petrol-powered) Operation
1000Concrete Mixer (Electric) Operation
1020Tender Vessel (boat)